Osteoporosis is a silent condition where the bones become weak and are prone to fracture. It affects both men and women as they age and results from a loss of bone mass and change in bone structure. Bone is living tissue that is in a constant state of regeneration. The body removes old bone an replaces is it with new bone formation. By the time we are 30, people break down bone faster than it can be replaced, resulting in thinner/weaker bone structure. Risk factors for developing osteoporosis include older age, Caucasian or Asian ethnic groups, small bone structure, family history and prior fractures. There are some risk factors that may be able to change in order to decrease your risk of osteoporosis which include low hormone levels, cigarette smoking, diet, alcohol abuse, vitamin deficiencies, and sedentary lifestyle to include a few. Osteoporosis is diagnosed by having a simple test called a bone density/ DEXA which measures the bone mineral density of different parts of the body. This test is quick and painless with less radiation than an X-ray. The best treatment options can be determined by your rheumatologist depending on your results.